Materials and Design
We have been tracking the materials used in our packaging for many years, and have already achieved a 32.8% reduction in packaging weight per unit sold since 2007. In collaboration with our suppliers we can reduce and simplify the types of materials we use in our packaging so that less is used and packaging is easier for customers to recycle.
In consultation with suppliers and industry experts, we regularly review the materials used in our Own Brand packaging and publish a preferred material list. The preferred materials on the list are already easily recycled and can be made from recycled content. Examples include PET plastics, PP plastics for non-food applications, metal, glass and sustainably sourced board and paper.
We have also identified those that are not easily recycled and most harmful to the environment, such as PVC and polystyrene (sometimes used for yoghurt pots), PLA (polylactic acid - which can be found in films and bags) and rigid water soluble bio plastics.
We first published a preferred material list in 2018 and have since removed all of the hardest to recycle materials from our Own Brand packaging. This has seen Tesco remove over 10,000 tonnes of the hardest to recycle materials from over 1000 products.
We will no longer accept any new products into our business with excessive packaging or in the hardest to recycle materials for new Own Brand and branded products. Our full principles for all product packaging can be seen here.
reduction in packaging weight per unit sold since 2007 (UK)
Hard to recycle materials removed from Own Brand packaging (UK)
Reducing packaging from our products: fruit juice
Where we can’t remove packaging, we aim to reduce it to an absolute minimum. And when we reduce packaging, we reduce it with recyclability in mind.
Working closely with our suppliers Refresco and Garcia Carion, we have removed the full shrink sleeves on our Tesco chilled fruit juices and replaced them with smaller labels stuck onto the side of the bottle. This move saves 239 tonnes of plastic each year. It also helps the bottle get recycled. Moving to a label means it will be easier for scanners at the recycling centres to detect and recycle the PET plastic bottle.
We’ve also worked with one of our major suppliers to re-design the bottle so it is be made from less plastic. This means an additional saving of 171 tonnes of plastic.
In total we now use 410 tonnes less plastic to pack our fruit juice each year.
Materials we can recycle
Our organic bagged prepared salads are now made from Polyethylene (Polythene). Recycled PE can make long-life products such as park benches, bollards and waste bins.
PE film is similar to the plastic found in carrier bags and can be recycled in the same way. To help our customers recycle, we have front of store recycling in our larger stores for carrier bags. We have extended this particular service to allow films of the same material type (polyethylene) to be added, for example salad bags. A new logo has been introduced which can be found on bread bags, toilet roll packaging and bags used for frozen products so our customers know what they can recycle at our stores.
Reducing hard to recycle materials
Tesco has stopped using black plastic to pack products - a decision which means around 4,500 tonnes of hard-to-recycle black plastic has been removed from production every year. As a part of this move, 2,500 tonnes of black plastic trays, used to pack ready meals, have been replaced with recyclable coloured plastic trays, which are made from 80% recycled plastic. This helps ensure packaging gets recycled instead of going to landfill.
Removing plastic packaging from our products
Across our operations, we will remove packaging where we can.
Working with our bedding suppliers KAM and Turner Bianca, we have removed all LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene) bags from 204 adult bedding lines, replacing them with a fabric bag. In bed sets the bag is made in a way to show the front and reverse design and is of exactly the same quality as the set itself. As a result of this change, 69.6 tonnes of plastic have been removed per year and the new card wrap band is made from FSC certified paper.
We have also changed the Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) tubes with Polypropylene (PP) handles on 3 lines of Kids Stationary, moving to card boxes with an inner PET tray. The weight of the inner PET Tray is 40% lighter than the PVC tubes, this means 1 tonne of plastic has been removed per annum.