Our basket of products.

Our average UK shopping basket consists of a selection of 20 products which have been chosen to reflect popular choices across different food categories, with many representing a wider group of products. For example tomatoes are similar to cucumbers and peppers when considering their environmental impact.

Over the course of the partnership, Tesco and WWF will be working together on projects that address the impacts in each environmental area.

There are some metrics that are applicable to all products:

Climate:

  • % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in our stores and distribution centres
  • % increase of carbon sequestered (e.g. trees, soil management)

Packaging:

  • % of Own Brand packaging that is fully reusable or recyclable
  • % of recycled content across all Own Brand plastic packaging
  • % of Own Brand plastic packaging that is effectively recycled
  • % reduction in Own Brand plastic packaging

Food waste

  • % reduction in food waste in our stores and operations

As part of our work to reduce the impact of the average UK shopping basket, Tesco and WWF will also track sales of lower impact protein sources.

Find out about the key environmental metrics related to specific products, and how Tesco and WWF are working together to reduce them

Bananas

Bananas

Key issue: Customer food waste 

  • Food waste

    % reduction of customer food waste
  • Agriculture

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators
  • Climate 

    % Reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions

 

Beef

Beef

Key issue: Methane emissions

  • Climate

    % reduction in methane emissions from cattle
  • Agriculture 

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health
  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas
  • Find out more about how we are supporting the Funding for Soy Farmers in the Cerrado initiative, designed to help end soy-associated deforestation in one of Brazil’s most important areas of biodiversity

 

Biscuits

Biscuits

Key issue: Palm oil (deforestation) 

Blueberries

Blueberries

Key issue: Water use

  • Agriculture

    % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators

    % of key sourcing regions with clear plan to address agri-plastic pollution
  • Climate

    % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions
  • Food waste

    % reduction of customer food waste

    % reduction of on-farm food waste
Bread

Bread

Key issue: Soil health

  • Agriculture

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators
  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing

    % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions
  • Food Waste

    % reduction of customer food waste
  • Forests

    % of palm oil from a verified zero deforestation palm oil trader

Hear how we're working with suppliers to trial new and innovative farming methods, delivering benefits to soil and fresh water.

Chicken

Chicken

Key issue: Sustainable soy

  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas

Find out how we are supporting the Funding for Soy Farmers in the Cerrado initiative, designed to help end soy-associated deforestation in one of Brazil’s most important areas of biodiversity

Cola

Cola

Key issue: Soil health (sugar beet)

  • Agriculture

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

    % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators

  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing

Hear how we're working with suppliers to trial new and innovative farming methods, delivering benefits to soil and fresh water.

Crisps

Crisps

Key issue: Soil health and factory greenhouse gas emissions

  • Agriculture

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

    % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators

  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing

Hear how we're working with our potato suppliers to trial new and innovative farming methods, delivering benefits to soil and fresh water.

Chicken Tikka ready meal

Chicken Tikka ready meal

Key issue: Sustainable soy and factory greenhouse gas emissions 

  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas
  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing

Find out more about how we are supporting the Funding for Soy Farmers in the Cerrado initiative, designed to help end soy-associated deforestation in one of Brazil’s most important areas of biodiversity

Eggs

Eggs

Key issue: Sustainable soy 

  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas

Find out more about how we are supporting the Funding for Soy Farmers in the Cerrado initiative, designed to help end soy-associated deforestation in one of Brazil’s most important areas of biodiversity

Lettuce

Lettuce

Key issue: Water use and food waste

  • Agriculture

    % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

  • Food waste

    % reduction of customer food waste

    % reduction of on-farm food waste
  • Climate

    % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions

Find out how we're working with lettuce growers, like G's, to create innovative solutions to food waste.

Milk

Milk

Key issue: Methane emissions

  • Climate

    % reduction in methane emissions from cattle
  • Agriculture

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health
  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas
  • Find out how we're working with our dairy farmers to track and reduce greenhouse gas emissions on farm 
Oranges

Oranges

Key issue: Water use

  • Agriculture

    % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators
  • Climate

    % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions
Potatoes

Potatoes

Key issue: Soil health

        • Agriculture

          % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

          % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

          % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators

        • Climate

          % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions
        • Food waste

          % reduction of customer food waste

Hear how we're working with our potato suppliers to trial new and innovative farming methods, delivering benefits to soil and fresh water.

Rice

Rice

Key issue: Methane emissions 

  • Climate

    % reduction in methane emissions
  • Agriculture

    % of produce from regions with sustainable water management
Salmon

Salmon

Key issue: Fish meal/oil

  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas
  • Marine

    % reduction in FFDRo in fish feed among our key suppliers
  • Find out more about how we are working collaboratively with our key salmon suppliers in the use of more sustainable feed ingredients, such as omega-3 rich algal oil.
Ham sandwich

Ham sandwich

Key issue: Soil health and sustainable soy

  • Agriculture

    % of farmers taking robust action to improve soil health

    % of farmers who are taking robust actions to increase biodiversity and pollinators
  • Forests

    % of South American soy from verified zero deforestation areas

    % of palm oil from a verified zero deforestation palm oil trader
  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing

    % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions
  • Food waste

    % reduction of customer food waste

Find out how we are supporting the Funding for Soy Farmers in the Cerrado initiative, designed to help end soy-associated deforestation in one of Brazil’s most important areas of biodiversity

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Key issue: Water use 

        • Agriculture

          % of fresh produce from regions with sustainable water management

          % of key sourcing regions with clear plan to address agri-plastic pollution
        • Climate

          % reduction in fertiliser greenhouse gas emissions

Read how our long-term partnership with Glinwell has helped us develop new tomato varieties that have a higher quality, a taste sweeter and are grown in a more sustainable way.

Tomato soup

Tomato soup

Key issue: Factory greenhouse gas emissions

  • Climate

    % reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing
Canned tuna

Canned tuna

Key issue: Species by catch  

Metrics

Metrics

Marine 10%

'% volume of tuna from fisheries with credible sustainability certification (e.g. MSC, WWF green-rated)*

Canned tuna

Not available, assume 0% or very low**

0%***

100% by 2030

0%

5%

0%

* Tuna is an iconic species and its sourcing embodies some of the greatest challenges on the marine sustainability agenda. Admittedly this metric does not differentiate between Tesco and companies selling non-FAD-free tuna, but WWF/Tesco experts agree that a FAD-free metric would add unnecessary complexity at this stage given the upcoming Tuna Transition Plan (TPP) will move suppliers away from gear-based approach, plus FAD-free volumes vary over the year.

** There is no report on the % of tuna that is MSC certified reported by retailers. MSC only has number of products that carry logos. Greater transparency and data on this is needed.

*** Tesco canned tuna comes from three fisheries (Senegal, Ghana, Ecuador): all are in FIPs to meet MSC standards but have issues with traceability and transparency. Senegal & Ghana (Yellow) and Ecuador (Red – FAD and Yellow – FAD free). Tesco Funa Transition Plan (TPP) will be launched, with WWF support, before end of 2020; this will drive forward progress and may result a change to the wording of this metric.

Marine 10%

Average Forage Fish Dependency Ration for oil (FFDRo) of fish feed

Salmon

1.70*

1.36 (2018)

1.41 (2019)**

<1 by 2030

17%***

3%

1%

* Lower the figure the better! Average for the following key salmon producers in Norway and Scotland, data from GSI: Cermaq Norway, Grieg Norway, Mowi Norway, Nova Sea Norway, Grieg Scotland, Mowi Scotland. In general Scotland uses more oil in their diets than Norway. ASC standard requires a level of 2.52 (v.1.3, July 2019), so our suppliers are better than ASC! Or does ASC need amending...?!

** Average by key Tesco suppliers, adjusted by sourcing volume. See Seachill email to explain why the figure has increased from 2018 to 2019. Tesco has been at forefront of industry in terms of advocating for alternatives like algal oil. It should also be noted that over recent decades the wider salmon industry has made considerable efforts to reduce both FFDRo and FFDRm.

*** Difference between industry average FFDRo (1.70) and Tesco status (1.41) is 0.29; divided by 1.70.

Other: team decided to remove meal for now as a distraction: FFDRm (Scotland): 0.68; FFDRm (Norway): 0.53

Marine 10%

% volume of wild caught seafood (exc. tuna) that is MSC certified

All wild seafood (exc. tuna)

Not available*

89.5% (2018)

91.5% (2019)

100% by 2030

19%**

2%

0%

* All retailers need to be more transparent about how much of their seafood is MSC-certified. M&S figure is >90%, but not representative of wider retail market.

** 2 (percentage point difference from 2018 to 2019) / 10.5 (difference between baseline and target). In other words, 19% progress due to high baseline. LW to check what % was Tesco in 2015. 

Agriculture (12%)

Average % of UK farmland in a robust environmental scheme (e.g. LEAF, Countrywide Stewardship)*

Potatoes, onions, lamb, milk 

ca. 18%**

Use industry baseline***

50% by 2030 

0%

7%

0%

* This metric is a combination of two previous metrics on soil health and biodiversity. Wording amended to robust' as 'good' may be a bit loaded. Schemes as defined robust by WWF currently include the most positive public and private sector assurance schemes e.g,: Countryside stewardship (England), HLS (England), Glastir advanced (Wales), Agri-environment Climate Scheme (Scotland), Environmental Farming Scheme (NI), Natural England Facilitation Fund / Farmer Clusters (England), LEAF Marque, Fair to Nature / Conservation Grade, Genesis, UK approved organic standards.

** England 18%, Wales 26%, Scotland 19%, NI 7%; Higher level or targeted agri enviro schemes: 2,850,000 ha; Natural England Facilitation Fund / Farmer Clusters (England): 273,000 ha or 3% of English (2017); LEAF: 305,465 ha or 1.7%; Organic: 2.7% (2018). If Red Tractor were to significantly improve and become one of these schemes, then the amount of land would increase. WWF gathering more data on this baseline.

*** No data for the Tesco potato, onion and lamb farming groups, but plans in place to gather it going forward. 18% of dairy group in such a scheme, but needs further investigation. This could impact the progress figure in cell G6.

Agriculture 12%

% of fresh food from regions with sustainable water management*

Oranges, milk**

ca. 14%***

Same as industry baseline 

50% by 2030 

0%****

4%

0%

*EU: defined by Water Framework Directive status. Non-EU: WWF Water Risk Filter agricultural water risk scores

** WWF expanding analysis to other key crops e.g. berries, citrus and possibly rice (although that is not 'fresh produce').

*** See detailed notes from Conor.

**** What about the Tesco landscape projects? Progress takes time on these projects; other retailers need to get involved to make more progress quickly; WWF to re-remind C2025 signatories about finance.

Agriculture 12%

% of key sourcing regions with a clear and credible plan to address agri-plastic pollution*

Tomatoes, blueberries, lettuce

0%**

0%**

100% (of the identified regions) by 2030 ***

0%

1%

0%

* Metric initially relates to key sourcing region for fresh fruit and veg, which is where the biggest known hotspots exist. Regions initially in scope are Murcia and Almeria (Spain) and Kenetra (Morocco). Establish plan for Murcia by mid 2020, plans for all by end of 2020.

** Research still underway but it appears that no region yet has a credile plan. No retailers are particular active on solving this issue, which is partly why it features as part of the basket metrics.

*** We may add additional regions to target as the agenda progresses. Even if we get all key regions to have a clear plan, how much of the overall problem will that solve? This is a question which needs further consideration e.g. by WWF. Some of the biggest agri-plastic pollution issues might not be where UK retailers source from (e.g. Asia?).

                   
                   
                   
                   
Metrics (1)

Metrics (1)